Sewing Machine Parts And Their Types (Ultimate Guide)

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Every kind of machine is made up of different parts and each part plays a vital role in the function of the whole machine. It is very important to know about the functioning of a machine if you are a user of the machine. It is also important to know about the parts of the machine and that’s the same case with a sewing machine.

To be an effective user, it is very important to know about sewing machine parts first. The key to being successful in any kind of business or profession is knowledge and how to use knowledge. The easiest way to learn about sewing machine parts is through the Internet. The ordinary public can easily understand the intricacy of very complicated machines when they are explained in simple terms.

Types of Sewing Machine Parts

Learning the parts of a sewing machine can be fun and enlightening. Once you understand the functions of each part, operation and maintenance will be easier for you. The parts of a sewing machine can be classified into four categories,

  • Dominant Parts
  • Auxiliary Parts
  • Working Parts
  • Accessory Parts

Dominant Parts

Dominant Parts are those parts of a sewing machine that play the main role in the function of the whole machine. A sewing machine is nothing without its dominant parts because they help in driving or transmitting movement from one part to another part. The major parts of a sewing machine are the body, feed dogs, needle plate, bobbin case, needle, and hook. These parts make up the whole sewing machine. Some parts are indispensable while others can be removed or replaced. Dominant parts are necessary for a sewing machine for its well working. They also play an important role in the production of a rich quality product. In fact, they are parts that make up the whole sewing machine.

In many cases, when any part is missing or malfunctioned, it may lead to serious trouble depending on the kind and number of defective parts. It can either be minor like a stitching problem or major like a sewing machine not functioning at all. The importance of each part is different from the other, but it must be noted that they form a chain and are co-dependent on one another for the smooth running of a sewing machine. Some parts cannot exist without others; in fact, some parts can replace each other while there will also be some parts that cannot be replaced.

Auxiliary Parts

Auxiliary Parts are those parts that serve to support or assist the main dominant parts of a sewing machine in the process of its function. They also prevent malfunctioning of the main parts, which can be easily replaced if damaged. The auxiliary parts are; stitch length, stitch width, needle plate gap adjustment screw, bobbin-case tension adjustment knob, presser foot lifter lever, etc. The auxiliary parts are made of the same material as the main parts, which is metal. All of these auxiliary parts are also necessary for the smooth functioning of a sewing machine.

But, these parts for not necessary for the basic functioning of a sewing machine but do co-operate with other parts to provide you ease with your sewing experience. For example, you can do stitching without a stitch length controller but what would you do if you want to change your stitch length? The stitch length controller will allow you to change the stitch length with ease and comfort.

Another example is that you can do stitching without a needle plate gap adjustment screw but what would you do if your cloth gets stuck in between the feed dog and the presser foot? The needle plate gap adjustment screw will enable you to jerk out your cloth from between the feed dog and presser foot. The needle plate gap adjustment screw is very simple to use, it has a turn-able knob on its side with which you can adjust the gap of your machine. This part is absolutely necessary for your sewing experience because it will help you in avoiding wasting material and also save time.

All of these auxiliary parts may look simple but they are very important for your sewing experience. So, I can say that these parts are not necessary for the basic functioning of a sewing machine but these are very important parts for a better sewing experience.

Working Parts

Working Parts are those parts that perform certain functions and give motion for smooth operation. These parts include; upper thread spool pin, lower thread spool pin, hand wheel support board assembly complete with thread guide and lower hand wheel pivot bolt, presser bar (also called pressure foot), bobbin winder shaft, bobbin winder, sewing machine bed, and its related components, foot controller bracket, slide plate bracket assembly front cover with lock, etc.

These working parts are essential for smooth operation and if any of them is broken or damaged it can lead to bad stitch quality, bad running of the machine, and even damage to other costly working parts.

For example, you can use a bobbin winder only for your ease but is not necessary to enhance your stitch quality or sewing experience. You can wind the bobbin manually also by your hand but it will take a lot of time and you have to do a lot of effort just to wind the bobbin. So the main purpose of this part is to make sewing more relaxed and easy, for doing the job faster. So you may not need to wind the bobbin manually but sometimes it is necessary.

Similarly for presser foot, it is also not necessary to use as one can sew without using a presser foot but if you want to sew multiple layers of fabrics together then you will definitely need the help of a presser foot. Using a presser foot holds the fabric in place and allows even feed of fabric while stitching so that stitches are uniform all around. So it is not necessary to use a presser foot but if you want to sew multiple layers of fabric together then you have to use a presser foot and if the presser foot gets damaged or broken then stitching can get affected badly due to uneven feed of fabric while stitching.

Another example of the working part is the upper thread spool pin and lower thread spool pin. These two pins are fixed on either side of the sewing machine bed at a certain distance from each other. They hold the thread spool at a proper place so that it can move parallel to the needle bar without any hindrance. This will help in the smooth movement of the threaded needle and the machine won’t feel jerky while stitching.

Handwheel support board assembly is not a major working part but it is also a very important part of the sewing machine as this supports the handwheel to move up and down smoothly without any hindrance so that you can operate it easily with your fingers. This will help in smooth sewing without any jerky movements while you are operating the handwheel.

Accessory Parts

Accessory Parts are mostly included as accessories in your box like a screwdriver, bobbin cases, needle packs, bobbins, etc. These are also necessary for smooth operation and may cause injuries or damage to your machine if used inappropriately.

For example, a bobbin case is a hollow cylindrical construction with a top cap that holds the inner ends of the upper thread spool pin and lower thread spool pin safely so that they do not move from their position while sewing. It also holds the bobbin and helps in the smooth running of the machine by holding the thread spool securely.

It is not completely necessary to use a bobbin case but if you want to replace the empty or damaged bobbin, then it will be very difficult as bobbins are small in size so it is always recommended to use a bobbin case while replacing or filling a bobbin so that it can hold the spool well and you will be able to fit both upper thread spool pin and lower thread spool pin easily without any hassle. If there is no bobbin case available or if it gets damaged, then threads may get tangled up while re-threading or re-fitting. This can damage your machine very badly.

Another accessory part is a needle pack. This is a package with needles of different sizes and types like a straight, stretch, etc. You may need to change the type of needles depending on the material you want to sew like if you are sewing thin fabric then you need thinner needles otherwise bigger needles for thicker fabrics. So you will need to change needles depending on fabric type and thickness. So it is an important accessory part of the sewing machine.

Another crucial accessory part is a screwdriver. You may face a situation where screws are getting loose or screwed too much due to wear and tear, then you can use a screwdriver to tighten the screws properly so that your machine can run smoothly.

So all these accessory parts are very important to be included in your sewing machine box but if you have not got any of them then you may face problems while operating your sewing machine and it is recommended that you should take care of all the accessory parts properly so that your machine runs smoothly without any hindrance or difficulty.

Types of Sewing Machine Parts

Now, let’s move to the parts of sewing machines. Actually, some parts are present in every sewing machine model but some are only limited to some specific sewing machine models by a specific brand. Not all of these might be parts of every sewing machine.

And, each one of these machines has different kinds of parts mostly. But, a few of them are the same also like machine arm, body, needle, etc. In every sewing machine, there are a stand and an arm to hold the needle. They are present in each and every type of sewing machine whether it be an old-fashioned one or a new age sewing machine.

The upper control panel is also common for all types of sewing machines. It contains the stitch selection dial, stitches length adjustment knob, bobbin winder, foot pedal, and speed selector switch. The needle threader button is present in some sewing machines that have a built-in automatic needle threader system.

Moreover, there is a cover placed over the upper control panel which can be opened to access the inner parts of the sewing machine for maintenance and repair work. And, this is also a part of some of the sewing machine models, not all machines. Anyways, let’s have a deep look at the sewing machine parts below.

We can categorize sewing machines into three major types,

  • Mechanical Sewing Machines (Manual Sewing Machine)
  • Electric Sewing Machine
  • Computerized Sewing Machine

So, I will try to include every type of part in the list so that you may have a complete idea about sewing machine parts of any type.

List of Sewing Machine Parts

Here below is the complete list of sewing machine parts along with a brief introduction to every part.

  1. Sewing Machine Arm
  2. Sewing Machine Bed
  3. Hand Wheel
  4. Needle
  5. Needle Plate
  6. Needle Bar
  7. Needle Clamp
  8. Needle Up/Down
  9. LCD Display
  10. Foot Pedal
  11. Catch Plate
  12. Thread Guide
  13. Feed Dog (s)
  14. Drop Feed
  15. Thread Tensioner
  16. Thread Take-Up Lever
  17. Start/Stop Button
  18. Stitch Length Control
  19. Stitch Width Control
  20. Stitch Selector
  21. Custom Stitch Creation
  22. Sewing Speed Controller
  23. Bobbin
  24. Bobbin Case
  25. Bobbin Thread Spindle
  26. Bobbin Winder
  27. Bobbin Winder Stopper
  28. Spool Pin
  29. Spool Pin for Bobbin Winding
  30. Automatic Thread Cutter
  31. Automatic Needle Threader
  32. Presser Foot
  33. Extension Table
  34. Foot Lifter
  35. Darning Plate
  36. Gauge
  37. Lamp(s) Switch
  38. Accessory Tray
  39. Accessory Tray Riser
  40. Cover
  41. Carrying Handle(s)
  42. Carrying Handle Riser
  43. Open-Toe Foot
  44. Blind Stitch Buttonhole Attachment
  45. Frame Belt & Pulley System for Motorized Models
  46. Tension Disc(s)
  47. Hook (s)
  48. Band Wheel
  49. Band Wheel Crank
  50. Band Wheel Pully
  51. Belt Remover
  52. Pitman Rod
  53. Auto-declutch
  54. Ejector Pin
  55. Thread Spool
  56. Throat Plate

Sewing Machine Arm

The sewing machine arm is a part that holds and rotates the needle. There are different types of sewing machine arms, depending on the make. Some resemble old-fashioned guns, others have more of an industrial look about them and there are some with more delicate designs.

Sewing Machine Bed

The sewing machine bed is the area on which a seam is stitched. The bed needs to be perfectly level in order for it to work correctly. If the machine is not level, it will pull the material at one end of the bed and leave a bad stitch. Beds are usually made from metal or plastic, with different manufacturers using either material. Free-Arm is also a part of the sewing machine bed which is mostly used to sew small objects like pockets, pants, corners of objects, etc. You may also check the detailed guide about Free-Arm Sewing Machine.

Hand Wheel

The handwheel is used to control the speed at which the sewing machine works. This part is also known as a treadle, particularly in older models. They were originally located on the side of the machine and since then manufacturers have changed their design so that they are placed beneath or above the sewing table. Handwheels can be made from metal, plastic, and other more expensive materials including glass.

Hand Wheel can only be seen in mechanical and old sewing machines. A human force was required to rotate the hand wheel for the working of the sewing machine but it came to end after the invention of electrical and computerized sewing machines.


The sewing machine needle is one of the most important parts of a sewing machine. It is usually made from metal although some machines use plastic needles. They are very fine and puncture the material as the thread passes through it. In order to make sure that the needle does not break or ruin, it has to be changed regularly.

Needle Plate

The needle plate is the part of the machine where you will find the needle. The plate has a hole in it which allows the thread to pass through and it also has a spring attached so that it can be pushed up and down when required. The Needle Plate should be cleaned after each use, especially if you are using acrylic fabrics for your sewing projects because melted plastic could cause some problems with the sewing machine needle.

Needle Bar

The needle bar is the part that carries the needle and connects it to the handwheel so that you can change its speed. Without this, a sewing machine could not work as there would be no way of controlling the rate at which the thread passes through the material being sewn.

Needle Clamp

The needle clamp holds your sewing machine needle in place. You will see that the needle bar goes through the clamp and it also has a screw-on one side that will allow you to tighten or loosen it, depending on whether there is enough play in the needle bar for your machine. Some of them are adjustable at both ends, so if you have an old model which does not work correctly, it may be the needle clamp that is causing the problem.

Needle Up/Down Lever

The needle up/down lever is located on the side of the machine under the table. This is a simple part that allows you to raise or lower your sewing machine needle and keep it in position while you are not working on something. Some models will have an additional button, usually underneath the needle plate, which does exactly the same job for you.

LCD Display

An LCD display is a digital screen that shows you information about your sewing machine. This can include the speed at which the material has been sewn, what stitch is being used and how much thread has been used so far. If you want to see this information, all you have to do is press a button and try different settings. Most modern machines come with an LCD display because they are easier to use than the dials which were found on older models of the sewing machines.

Foot Pedal

The Foot Pedal is a flat rubber or plastic pedal that presses down and causes the sewing machine to stitch by stepping on it with your foot while controlling everything else about the process from your hands. This part allows you more control of what you are doing because it allows you to have one hand free at all times, freeing up another hand if needed for things like sewing in buttons, changing the fabric, or moving the material itself to trace an accurate pattern. It also allows you more space and comfort while working on your project because you have one foot off of the ground at all times while pressing down on the pedal, allowing for a good posture and less fatigue throughout use.

Catch Plate

The Catch Plate is used to lock the needle in place as you operate the machine. As soon as you start sewing, the needle bar will move and it will be held in place by this small metal plate on the top of your sewing machine. If for any reason it isn’t working properly, there could be a problem with either your Needle Plate or the plate which covers the needle, depending on your model.

Thread Guide

The thread guide helps your thread to pass smoothly through the machine. It can be in the form of a small bar which is attached to the top of the sewing machine or it could just be a clear strip, either way, it has a hole in it, and that allows your thread to run through with ease.

Feed Dog (s)

The Feed Dogs are the part of the machine which allows you to move your fabric forward so that it can be sewn. This is a very important feature of a sewing machine and one which will determine whether or not your project will be successful. The feed dogs should work at all times and they should also help to even out any stitches you may have which are too slow.

Drop Feed

You can use Drop Feed to lower the feed dogs and can go for free motion quilting. It is usually found on the upper side of a sewing machine.

Watch Video: What is Drop Feed on a Sewing Machine

Thread Tensioner or Stabilizer Bar

The Thread Tensioner is the part of your sewing machine which allows you to control the tension of your thread when it passes through each section of your machine. Some machines will have a dial with numbers on them and others might just have levers, but they should be set to a position that will allow your thread to pass through each part without any problems.

Thread Take-Up Lever

The Thread Take-Up Lever is used to take up the thread as it passes through your machine. You will see that there are some pretty thin parts that you have to pass your thread through so if your lever is made from plastic or metal, it may wear out after just a few uses and start making problems for you. The Thread Take-Up Lever is the part of your machine which allows the thread to be pulled back through all of the sections in order to create a neat and even stitch. Without this important feature, you might find that your stitches are uneven or too long.

Start/Stop Button

The Start/Stop Button is the main control you will use when operating your sewing machine. It will start and stop the machine at your command, so if it isn’t working correctly or if it keeps breaking down during a project, then you may have to replace this vital part. The Start/Stop Button is also known as the “On-Off Switch” or the Foot Pedal.

Stitch Length Control

The Stitch Length Control is used to control the speed at which your stitches move through your machine. It is important to have this feature working correctly as it will make a big difference to the length of your stitches, the time it takes you to complete a project, and also how much effort you feel comfortable putting into each stitch.

Stitch Width Control

The Stitch Width Controller is the lever that you will use to control your stitch width. You will see that there is a variety of different stitches and that each one has a different number of loops in the design. If your machine does not have this feature then it may be older than you thought or perhaps it doesn’t have all of the options which you would have liked. This is a very important part of your machine so make sure that everything else is in working order and replace this if it isn’t.

Stitch Selector

The Stitch Selector is used to switch from one stitch type to another. They tend to be found on more modern machines, but they are an essential part of any sewing machine and one which allows you to create a variety of different types of stitches. If yours isn’t working the way it should, you may need to replace the part. The most common cause of malfunctioning is a build-up of lint. Lint can jam the mechanism, and prevent your machine from operating correctly. Any time you alter the stitch length or width on your sewing machine, after that time you will need to re-select the stitch type again with the Stitch Selector lever as per the original selection.

Custom Stitch Creation

Custom Stitch Creation is the ability to create your own stitches with your machine. It works in much the same way as a computer program and allows you to align certain stitching patterns for greater efficiency or beauty.

Sewing Speed Controller

The Sewing Speed Controller is used to control the speed at which your machine sews. The higher you put this, the faster your stitches will be created, but this can also damage your fabric and even break certain materials if you go too slowly. If your sewing machine has this feature, make sure that it is in working order before you start to use it. If not, you can always buy one online or at any other nearby store.


The Sewing Machine Bobbin is the part of your sewing machine which you will use to wind the thread around. There are many different types, and they come in a variety of sizes. Some bobbins can hold more thread than other parts, but it all depends on what capacity you need your bobbin to have. If it is too full, then it can cause the needle to break or come off of its place, but this is unlikely if you are careful. If you need to replace this part for any reason make sure that you get an exact match, especially if your machine is particularly old. The sewing machines of today use different bobbins to those of the past.

Watch Video: What is Bobbin in a Sewing Machine

Bobbin Case

The Bobbin Case is a box that holds your bobbin in place. It will have an opening into which the sewing machine needle comes to puncture the thread and make it ready for use. If you don’t have this, then your bobbin may not be able to spin around or there may be no way for you to wind even more thread onto it. Check your owner’s manual for this part before you buy a replacement, as there are different types of machines and they may require a specific brand or type.

Bobbin Thread Spindle

Bobbin Thread Spindle is the piece that holds the thread from the bobbin in place to allow it to stay untangled. You should have one if not two of these on your sewing machine. If you have one, it should be in good condition and secure within the machine. If you have two, then they should both be secured and not cause you any safety concerns as to whether or not you are protected while using your sewing machine.

Bobbin Winder

Bobbin Winder is the piece that allows you to wind thread onto your bobbin without any trouble. It does this by inserting into the machine and turning it against a spring or motorized system. Your manual should have instructions on how to replace this part if it doesn’t seem to be working correctly. If your bobbin winder doesn’t seem to be working, the first thing that you should do is check all of the connections. Ensure that there are no obstructions or lint build-up which may be inhibiting it from turning neatly against the spring or motorized winders. If it is connected properly and still not turning correctly, then you will need to remove it and clean it. This can take a little time but may be necessary. Be sure not to rush the process, as each machine is different.

Watch Video: How to wind a Bobbin?

If this still doesn’t work after cleaning it, then you should replace the bobbin winder to ensure that there are no further problems with your sewing machine and that it is in good working condition. If your bobbin winder falls off of the machine, you may be able to reattach it but it is best if you have the part replaced as soon as possible to prevent any other problems from occurring regarding its use. This can also cause your sewing machine not to work correctly.

Bobbin Winder Stopper

Bobbin Winder Stopper is the piece that prevents your bobbin from being overwound. The Bobbin Winder Stopper will stop the thread when it reaches a certain point to prevent it from being wound too tight. It also makes sure that the thread is not unwound while you are sewing, causing an uneven stitch or broken needle. If you don’t have a Bobbin Winder Stopper, then your bobbin will keep winding and could cause problems with the thread getting stuck within the machine instead of being able to be used as intended. Or, you can also stop the bobbin winder manually when you see that limit is going to reach.

Spool Pin

A spool Pin is a piece that holds your thread in place for sewing. This pin will allow you to wind new thread onto your spool without it being tangled and causing any problems with use. Spool Pin is where you will put the spool of thread on. On most machines, there are two of them; one holding thinner thread and the other slightly larger for thicker threads or patterns. If this part is broken or damaged, then you may not be able to use your sewing machine properly.

Spool Pin for Bobbin Winding

Spool Pin for Bobbin Winding is the mount for your bobbin winding spool. This part should always be secure and not sticking out as it might cause problems with the machine needle puncturing the thread. It should also be in good condition, so you don’t run into any safety issues while you are sewing or using your machine. This will ensure that your thread is easy to wind onto as well.

Automatic Thread Cutter

An Automatic Thread Cutter is usually a button on your Sewing Machine Arm or Throat which will cut your thread after it has been sewn into place. If this part of the machine breaks, then you will not be able to cut the thread and may run out of time while sewing or have problems with keeping track of how much you are using. The Automatic Thread Cutter works best when paired up with a Spool Pin.

The Automatic Thread Cutter is the part that helps to eliminate excess thread from your sewing machine so that it doesn’t tangle. It does this by cutting the thread as you are about to start sewing and then tossing it away without any of the mess or trouble with trying to get rid of it yourself. This cuts the thread for you so that it doesn’t tangle or fray around the edges, causing a poor appearance on whatever you are sewing. This tool can be replaced if it seems to be broken or damaged.

Automatic Needle Threader

The Automatic Needle Threader is the part of your sewing machine which helps you to quickly and easily thread the needle. This tool allows for less time to be spent on treading the needle, allowing you more time to complete other tasks without having to rush or worry about trying to get them done right. It will guide the thread through the eye of the needle to allow for correct and useful stitching.

It is a tool that will make your sewing experience easier by helping you do one of the most difficult things about sewing, threading the needle. This part works in conjunction with another tool, Automatic Bobbin Winder, which winds your bobbin so that you can have a new thread ready to use whenever you need it. This tool can occasionally break if too much pressure is applied or if not handled correctly but this is usually easy to fix by simply replacing the tool.

Presser Foot

Presser Foot is the piece that holds your fabric in place so that you can create a tight stitch and sewn in materials. It will also allow for even lines to be made and help with creating patterns among other things. If this piece becomes damaged, then it may cause problems while sewing by not holding the fabric steady or causing excess pressure on the fabric while creating a stitch, causing the material to become damaged. This part can be replaced if it is broken or damaged.

Extension Table

The extension table comes with some of the sewing machines in the box when they are purchased. It offers more space to work on your projects especially when you are dealing with large fabric or when you are sewing long materials. This tool acts as an extra place to put material when sewing and also as a stand to put the machine on top of. This helps with being able to reach all parts of your project while you continue working on it without having to stop or move somewhere else.

Foot Lifter/Presser

Foot Lifter/Press is the tool that you can use to lift and press your material while sewing. The foot has a lever that you can pull on in order to put even pressure onto the fabric and hold it in place so that you are able to create a tighter, more secure stitch than if you were just holding it with your hands. This part is essential to having a successful sewing session.

The Foot Lifter/Press allows for steady and even pressure on material while also making it easy for you to hold onto the fabric while sewing without any slipping or problems with holding it properly. This helps when trying to create tight stitches without accidentally missing any spots or having your stitching come out uneven.

It is the tool that allows you to raise and lower your presser foot while sewing. You can use this lever to push up and down in order to create your desired stitch length among other things. By using this lever you can create a variety of different stitches without the need for changing out anything or manually moving parts around.

It allows for versatility and flexibility in your sewing experience by allowing you to create different patterns and stitches without having to worry about changing out pieces. This will allow you to easily reach parts of the material that may be hard or uncomfortable to stitch, making it easy to work on all areas of the material without having any trouble.

Darning Plate

The Darning plate is located on the top of your sewing machine bed above feed dogs and helps hold larger pieces of material or projects in place while you sew, as well as helping to guide them in order to create even stitches. This plate will help keep the material steady and allows you to focus more on creating accurate patterns without having to worry about keeping up with a moving or incorrect pattern. This plate is essential in having a successful sewing experience and may need to be replaced if it becomes damaged or broken.


The Sewing machine Gauge is a type of measuring tool that helps you to measure out even and accurate distances between the stitching. It acts as an actual ruler for your sewing machine by allowing you to see measurements of how far from one side of a material or pattern to the other it is, which can help with making patterns or creating lines on your sewing.

Depending on the type of material that you are sewing, this will be different on each machine. It helps to control the speed at which your needle goes up and down when in use and can help with making even stitches by keeping it steady while you sew. This part is essential for having accurate stitching without any unnecessary movement or miss-stitching.

Lamp(s) Switch

The Lamp Switch is a part that allows you to turn the lights on or off while using your sewing machine. This is an essential tool in being able to see what you are doing when working on your project, as well as being able to work in dark places with ease. This lets you easily see any mistakes or problems with stitching when they occur and you can see what is going on throughout your sewing experience. It allows you to easily fix any problems that may come up and prevents accidental mistakes from happening due to being unable to see what is going on with your project or material while sewing.

Accessory Tray

The Accessory Tray is a table-like part of the sewing machine that allows for easy storage of different tools or accessories while using your sewing machine. It stores buttons, needles, and parts without adding too much clutter to your working space and in turn, makes it easier for you when try to find something if you need it quickly instead of looking all over for what you need. This tray also allows for an easy place to set objects that may get in the way and helps to reduce clutter around your working space while sewing.

Accessory Tray Riser

The Accessory Tray Riser is a raised platform that adds additional height to your sewing machine’s accessory tray in order for you to store larger parts, tools, or materials on the surface and make it easier than having them sit beneath other objects. This riser allows you more space to work with when using your sewing machine as well as allowing you extra room for material or other items that you may need to work with your sewing machine.


The Sewing Machine Cover is a flat piece of fabric or leather that covers your sewing machine and protects it from dirt, dust, spills, and other objects that may harm the parts while not in use. This cover keeps your machine clean from any sort of debris or liquid damage in the event of an accident so that when you come back to use it, it’s not damaged or broken from liquid damage. This keeps the machine working properly and prevents any unnecessary breakage, which can save you money that would be spent on replacing parts of your machine.

Carrying Handle(s)

The Sewing Machine Carrying Handle(s) is a long, thin handle that acts as the main control of your sewing machine. This allows you to easily carry your machine from one place to another without worrying about dropping it or having the machine’s parts fall off because they weren’t secured properly. It helps with creating accurate patterns by allowing you to focus on other details of the project without worrying about any inaccurate stitching or parts that may be misaligned.

Carrying Handle Riser

The Carrying Handle Riser is a small platform or stand that raises your carrying handle up, allowing it to be more level with the rest of the machine and making it easier for you to carry because your hands are at an even height when trying to move your sewing machine from one place to another. This riser helps take some stress off of your wrists because it allows for an easy grip and balanced weight when picking up the machine, eliminating some of the pressure from your hands so that you can keep sewing comfortably.

Open-Toe Foot

An Open-Toe Foot is a type of presser foot that has large openings for your fabric to go through, allowing it to be free from getting caught on any other parts of the machine as you sew. An open-toe foot allows for larger materials and thicker layers of fabrics to pass through with ease without interruption from trapped fabric or interferences from other parts of the sewing machine.

Blind Stitch Buttonhole Attachment

The Blind Stitch Buttonhole Attachment is a device that allows you to create buttonholes in place of sewing an actual button. This attachment helps save time when making garments and keeps the clothing looking professional because it makes the buttons blend into the rest of the surrounding area, giving them a more natural look than having an actual button attached to the material. This attachment is easy to use and helps save you time when making garments.

Frame Belt & Pulley System for Motorized Models

The Frame Belt and Pulley System is a system of belts, pulleys, and motorized devices that help to operate your sewing machine. The motor supplies power to the pulley system through the use of belts that run from the wheel housing of the machine up to the needle plate in order to create movement for your sewing machine. This allows you to create stitches at various speeds that may be safer for your machine parts and helps to make the sewing process easier.

This frame belt and pully system was usually used in the old sewing machines but is now used in the newer machines as a cost-cutting effort because it creates safer working conditions and easier sewing processes. The frame belt and pully system are also made from plastic instead of metal, which not only saves money on production costs but also makes the belts last longer so that they need to be replaced less frequently.

Tension Disc (s)

The Tension Disc is the flat metal disc that determines how much tension is on your thread. It has a small hole in it that allows it to release or hold onto the thread as you sew, depending on whether you want your finished product to be tight or loose.

If you are making something like drapery fabric and you want the material to hang properly, then you will need a Tension Disc that has enough play in it so that you can adjust the tightness of the thread depending on how it is being used. If you are working with thinner fabrics and finer material, then you will need a Tension Disc that has less play so that your stitches remain as uniform as possible.

Hook (s)

The Hooks are the metal piece (s) that hang down from your machine. These hooks contain the thread and allow you to pull it through the sewing guide so that the needle can create stitches. Some machines have multiple hooks, but they all serve basically the same purpose; they just hold more thread at one time than others.

Band Wheel

The Band Wheel is one of the most important components of a sewing machine. This wheel helps to create even stitches when the handwheel goes up and down, creating a uniform movement for your needle as it creates a stitch. A smooth band wheel can help prevent uneven stitches that may be created if your fabric shifts while you are sewing. Having an even thread feeder on your wheel helps to distribute the amount of thread coming off of your spool so that you do not experience any breakage while you are sewing.

Band Wheel can be easily found in Mechanical sewing machines and you can not find one in Computerized sewing machines.

Band Wheel Crank

The Band Wheel Crank is a small crank that is used to turn the band wheel of your sewing machine in order to create a movement for your needle as it sews. This crank allows you to create even stitches when turning the wheel, as well as helps prevent uneven seams and thread breakage from occurring as you sew.

Band Wheel Pulley

The Band Wheel Pulley is one of the most important parts of a sewing machine. This small belt-driven pulley turns the band wheel as you sew, giving your needle uniform movement so that it can create regular stitches in your project. Without this pulley, the thread would not run properly through your machine and you would be unable to complete any project.

Belt Remover

The Belt Remover is a contraption that can be used to remove the belt from your sewing machine. This may be necessary if your belt breaks, so you need to replace it or if you need to take the belt off of your machine to apply tension adjustments while you are sewing.

Pitman Rod

The Pitman Rod is another important part of your sewing machine. This small rod connects the handwheel to the belt-driven band wheel pulley so that when you roll the handwheel, it turns the pulley and creates movement for your needle. The pitman rod is one of the most important parts of a sewing machine because, without it, the handwheel would have no effect on your project.


Auto-declutch is the piece that disengages your machine from sewing when you stop the pedal. It will then move back to its ready position so that you can use your machine again without any problems. If this doesn’t work correctly, then you may have problems using your machine.

Ejector Pin

The Ejector Pin is the part of the machine which allows you to remove your bobbin when it needs changing, although some machines have a completely separate compartment where they can be kept until you are ready for them again. The Ejector pin is made from plastic or metal and it will have a small hole in the top which allows you to move it up and down using your index finger. Some machines require you to push the pin upwards so that it releases the bobbin, while others tell you when it is time to change them by stopping in mid-sew

Thread Spool

The thread spool is where you store your thread when you are not using it. It fits onto the main spindle of the machine and holds several meters of thread, depending on how much you have wound onto it before starting a project. The spool is then stored on the spindle until another thread needs to be used.

Throat Plate

A throat plate is another important part of a sewing machine. It is found in the needle plate and it has a raised section which is where you will place the bobbin. The throat plate also holds the needle in place rather than just having the spring resting behind it. This allows the needle to sit at an angle which means that it can create a more uniform stitch in your material.

Final Thoughts

It is really important to know about the parts of the sewing machine which are you using. If something happens to your sewing machine you can easily do a quick fix if you have extensive knowledge about its part. And, I hope I have described every important part of a sewing machine in this article. If you have any comments or queries please let me know by leaving your comment in the below section.



I have been working as a seamstress since I was 12 years old, and I would be happy to teach you what I know. I, along with the rest of my team, investigate numerous sewing, quilting, embroidery, and fabric related how-to guides, and present our findings to you.

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